A urine drug test, also known as a urine drug screen or a UDS, is a painless test. It analyzes your urine for the presence of certain illegal drugs and prescription medications. The urine drug test usually screens for:. A urine drug test can help a doctor detect potential substance abuse problems.
After a drug test identifies drugs you may be misusing, doctors can help you start a treatment plan.
For example, your primary care doctor may order this test if they suspect you have a problem with drugs or alcohol. Learn more: Illicit drug addiction ».
Many employers require potential employees to take a urine drug test before they can be hired. One drug of the urine drug screen is that it can keep people with drug problems out of jobs that require the ability to be alert and focused. For instance, an air traffic controller or truck driver who uses drugs could put the safety of many people at risk. Testing may also test the risk of on-the-job accidents. Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers test residents on a work basis. This helps ensure that people receiving treatment for drug or alcohol abuse stay sober.
Finally, the tests can be used in home settings. They can advise you on how to follow up if the doe is positive. There are two types of urine drug screens. The first, called the immunoassay, is cost-effective and gives check quickly. However, it has drawbacks. Also, it sometimes gives false positives. A false positive occurs when the test come back positive for drugs, but there has been no drug use.
More on taking the test
: Opioid abuse and addiction ». This type of test uses the same procedure for getting a urine specimen as the immunoassay. Both types of tests can create a false negative, which is when the test reports a negative result even if there is drug use. Both tests can also fail to capture same-day drug use. You will likely take the urine drug test in a bathroom specifically prepared for drug testing.
The test procedure includes the following steps:.
Reading a drug test
Some sites have instantsome do not. Depending of the reason for the drug test, the sample is often sent out for testing so that a formal report can be generated.
The test uses a cutoff point. Any result below the cutoff is a negative screen and any above the cutoff is a positive screen.
Rather, the appear on a test strip that turns different colors to indicate the presence of various substances. You will also want to talk to the medical review officer MRO. This is the physician in charge of interpreting and reporting the of any drug testing done in their facility.
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Urine Drug Test. Medically reviewed by Judith Marcin, M. Purpose of the urine drug test.
Types of urine drug tests. How to take the test. Urine drug test .
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Drug testing faqs
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